Annotated Bibliography

Effects of Social Media and Internet on Anxiety
Annotated Bibliography
Student Name

Alkis, Y., Kadirhan, Z., & Sat, M. (2017). Development and validation of social anxiety scale for social media users. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 296-303. Available from. <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
This editorial argues that on a social anxiety measure, there exists a direct association between anxiety and social media users. Conferring to these authors, a research of social media users revealed that the female students suffered more anxiety than the male students in the context of interaction anxiety along ...
with the privacy concerns. The influence of social media on students has prompted the researchers to identify ways through which teenagers are getting affected by social media usage. The authors have demonstrated an association between patterns of individual behavior in anxiety and social media. This implies that owing to the interval spent on social media users develop privacy concerns and other interactive issues with other social media consumers and this creates a connection concerning anxiety and social media among teenagers.
Primack, B. A., Shensa, A., Escobar-Viera, C. G., Barrett, E. L., Sidani, J. E., Colditz, J. B., & James, A. E. (2017). Use of multiple social media platforms and symptoms of depression and anxiety: A nationally-representative study among US young adults. Computers in human behavior, 69, 1-9. Available from: <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
According to this article, with an increased usage of social media, this is directly allied with dejection and anxiety. This makes the autonomous role of consuming social media being unclear, with the survey that was conducted among young adults aged between 19-32 years, depression and anxiety are common. The authors assessed the utilization of social media platforms and from the research, they postulated that the usage of numerous social media websites is independently linked to the indicators of anxiety and depression. With young adults being progressively engaged with social media, 90 percent of them visit these sites more often and engagement through Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and Snapchat have provided more opportunities for young adults to keep in touch and the level of social interaction may lead to increased cases of depression and anxiety. The authors have also claimed that the usage of social media can translate to individuality diffusion, which can ultimately lead depression and anxiety and additional opportunities for negative interactions, online misunderstanding and feelings of being left out which can lead to anxiety.
Rosen, L. D., Whaling, K., Rab, S., Carrier, L. M., & Cheever, N. A. (2013). Is Facebook creating “iDisorders”? The link between clinical symptoms of psychiatric disorders and technology use, attitudes and anxiety. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 1243-1254. Available from <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
This journal article makes a systematic test on whether the use of media and other precise technologies such as Facebook can lead to other technology-related anxieties and other related attitudes. There are medical indications of character disorders and disposition conditions that affect the social media users. The authors highlight that depression, antisocial behavior, and bipolar-mania are main health issues that are related with spending too much time on social media. In addition, these authors also factored unique contributions of technology after factoring out attitudes and anxiety which affects the psychological well-being of the social media users. Considerably, technology use, attitudes and anxiety usually predict the manifestation of unhealthiness of social media. For instance, these authors claim that the general usage of Facebook and the number of friends that a Facebook user has can be used to predict symptoms of social disorders such as anxiety.
Seabrook, E. M., Kern, M. L., & Rickard, N. S. (2016). Social networking sites, depression, and anxiety: a systematic review. JMIR mental health, 3(4), e50. Available from <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
The social networking sites have evolved as pervasive aspects of the modern culture and they are found to directly affect individual user’s mental health. The authors attempted to conduct a systematic review to make an identification and summary of how depression and anxiety are caused by excessive use of social media. The authors also intended to carry out a research to recognize issues that also supplement the context of mental illnesses with measures and mediators that adds anxiety and depression leading to emotional illness. From the research that the authors conducted, social support, positive interactions and connectedness of users of social media were established to be related to lower anxiety and depression levels while at the same time, social comparisons and undesirable relations on social media are associated to complex anxiety and depression levels.
Strickland, A. (2014). Exploring the effects of social media use on the mental health of young adults. Available from <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
The intent of this article is to make an exploration of the relationship that prevails between emotional well-being and social media use among the young adult population. According to the author, there exists a connection between deteriorating mental health of the young adults and their social media usage. Young adults have become predominantly active on social media and this has put them at risks for developing emotional well-being concerns such as anxiety and despair over the content shared on social networking sites. Presently, anxiety and social media are co-related and the researcher uses social theories that help to understand the association amongst social media usage and cases of despair and anxiety among young adults. Social media has been found to shake individual behavior, romantic relationships and even sleep interruption that could lead to mental health issues.
Vannucci, A., Flannery, K. M., & Ohannessian, C. M. (2017). Social media use and anxiety in emerging adults. Journal of affective disorders, 207, 163-166. Available from: <strong><a href= target='_blank' rel='nofollow'></a></strong>
This article was published to explain the association between the usage of social media and the type of nervousness it brings to adults. The authors argues that once individuals spend more period consuming social media is connected with greater signs of anxiety and it is necessary that in the process of treating anxiety, clinicians should consider the concerns of social media use. The authors conducted a study among young adults and through a hierarchical regression, they found that there is a direct association amongst the time spent on social media and dispositional anxiety. Online communications have occupied a significant portion of young adults and these authors feel that time spent online affects the psychological adjustment. They conclude that for medical purposes, clinicians should advise the young adults of the implications of the time they spend online.

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